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96. A Psycholinguistic Analysis on Comprehension Disorder of the Schizophrenic Character


ABSTRACT

This research focuses on analyzing comprehension disorder of the schizophrenic character in A Beautiful Mind movie. Language disorders or language impairments are disorders that involve the processing of linguistic information. Comprehension disorder is a language disability which causes impairment of both the understanding and the expression of language. People with schizophrenia disease often suffer terrifying symptoms such as hearing internal voices not heard by others, or believing that other people are reading their minds, controlling their thoughts, or plotting to harm them.

They have deficit in comprehension, production, attention and cerebral lateralization of language. The aim of this research is to get the understanding and detailed explanation about comprehension disorder used by the schizophrenic character of a Beautiful Mind movie. This research will give understanding the characteristic and type of comprehension disorder and the content causing used in comprehension disorder through movie dialogue. This research use qualitative descriptive which describe about language disorder and attempts to explore the application of sentence form as language disorder on language comprehension in schizophrenic utterances which are spoken by John Nash in several setting such as Princeton University, Wheeler lab, MIT campus and John Nash’s house. The data are analyzed firstly is conducting the data in each category, and second selecting the data into the kinds of comprehension disorder. Third is analyzing the data and sentences from each category more deeply. Fourth, the researcher describes how the language disorder done by main character of schizophrenic man in “A Beautiful Mind” movie.

Finally, making conclusion from the result of analysis which gave detail description related to language disorder perspectives. The finding of this research shows that the schizophrenic character of a Beautiful Mind movie disordered in his language, especially in the language comprehension, his comprehension to be disordered because it influenced by his delusion and hallucination. In addition, not all type of comprehension disorder is used by the schizophrenic character. There are only nine types of comprehension disorder are used in the dialogues; they are derailment, flight of ideas, incoherence, irrelevant answer, blocking, retardation, perseveration, pressure of speech and circumstantiality. Three kinds of comprehension disorder which were not used by the schizophrenic character are clang association, neologism and word salad.

The researcher hopes that this research can give a new contribution to the readers, especially the students who are interested in the understanding of the schizophrenic illness.
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